Pay discrimination Introduction Women have been experiencing pay discrimination for centuries and unfortunately it continues to do so today. In a capitalist society that thrives on diversity and competition, this problem negatively affects the economy and commerce. This analysis will focus on this social issue that has been a tremendous problem in this country and the policy The Equal Pay Act that was created to specifically address this problem. Lower pay in turn leads to less family income and higher poverty level in families with a working female.
Wages can include more than just hourly or annual pay. Wages includes bonuses, company cars, expense accounts, insurance etc.
An employer cannot lower the wages of some employees to make wages equal. Must be paid in the same form. For example, an employer cannot pay a higher hourly wage to a male employee and then attempt to equalize the difference by periodically paying a bonus to a female employee.
The EPA speaks in terms of equal work, but the word "equal" does not require that the jobs be identical, only that they are substantially equal. In comparing two jobs for purposes of the EPA, consideration should be given to the actual job duties, not job titles or classifications.
The EEOC looks at whether both jobs require the same skill, effort and responsibility. Measured by factors such as the experience, ability, education and training required to perform a job. Possession of a skill not needed to meet the requirements of the job should not be considered.
For example, a hotel clerk alleges that he is paid less than a female who performs substantially equal work. He has a high school diploma while his female co-worker has a college degree. However, performance of the two jobs requires the same education, ability, experience, and training.
Therefore, the skill required to perform the two jobs is substantially equal.
A college degree does not justify a higher salary because it is not needed to perform the job. Amount of physical or mental exertion needed to perform job.
Responsibility is usually defined as the degree of accountability required in performing a job. Factors to be considered in determining the level of responsibility in a job include: Ordinarily, "establishment" means a physically separate place of business.
However, given that many employees have virtual offices, the EEOC assesses whether the "establishment" is separate on a case-by-case basis. Working conditions usually consist of two factors: The Ledbetter Act recognizes the "reality of wage discrimination" and restores "bedrock principles of American law.
These practices may include employer decisions about base pay or wages, job classifications, career ladder or other noncompetitive promotion denials, tenure denials, and failure to respond to requests for raises. For more information regarding equal wages because of any of these reasons, please call the EEOC at:The Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act.
For 10 years, Lilly Ledbetter fought to close the gap between women’s and men’s wages, sparring with the Supreme Court, lobbying Capitol Hill in a historic discrimination case against Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company.
On January 29, , President Obama signed his very first piece of legislation: the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay attheheels.com law, named after a woman who discovered her employer was paying her less than men doing the same job, makes it easier for Mrs.
Ledbetter and others like her to effectively challenge unequal pay. This blog post details the life of equal pay trailblazer Lilly Ledbetter. [[nid]] President Barack Obama signs into law the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act in the East Room of the White House.
The Paycheck Fairness Act, the Fair Pay Act and the Lilly Ledbetter Act are some of the bills enacted to help the Equal Pay Act (Center, ). The Paycheck Fairness Act helps to remove obstacles in the Equal Pay Act to facilitate plaintiffs’ participation in class action lawsuits that challenge systemic pay discriminations (Center, ).
In January , President Obama signaled his commitment to improving the lives of working women with the signing of the Lilly Ledbetter Fai. The Lilly Ledbetter Law states that pay discrimination based on gender is no longer legally allowed.
Even though the Ledbetter Law is an important step in equality for women, it .