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Publishing House Industrial Relation System An industrial relations system consists of the whole gamut of relationships between employees and employees and employers which are managed by the means of conflict and cooperation. A sound industrial relations system is one in which relationships between management and employees and their representatives on the one hand, and between them and the State on the other, are more harmonious and cooperative than conflicting, and creates an environment conducive to economic efficiency and the motivation, productivity and development of the employee and generates employee loyalty and mutual trust. Actors in the IR system: Three main parties are directly involved in industrial relations:

The industrial relations system a

The following measures may be adopted to achieve better industrial relations: Strong and Stable Union: A strong and stable union in each industrial enterprise is essential for good industrial relations.

The employers can easily ignore a weak union on the plea that it hardly represents the workers.

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The agreement with such a union will hardly be honored by a large section of workforce. Therefore, there must be strong and stable unions in every enterprise to represent the majority of workers and negotiate with the management about the terms and conditions of service.

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Both management and labor should help in the development of an atmosphere of mutual cooperation, confidence and respect. Management should adopt a progressive outlook and should recognize the rights of workers.

Similarly, labor unions should persuade their members to work for the common objectives of the organization. Both the management and the unions should have faith in collective bargaining and other peaceful methods of settling disputes.

The participation of workers in the management of the industrial unit should be encouraged by making effective use of works committees, joint consultation and other methods. This will improve communication between managers and workers, increase productivity and lead to greater effectiveness.

The employers must recognize the right of collective bargaining of the trade unions. In any organization, there must be a great emphasis on mutual accommodation rather than conflict or uncompromising attitude.

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One must clearly understand that conflicting attitude does not lead to amicable labor relations; it may foster union militancy as the union reacts by engaging in pressure tactics.

Sincere Implementation of Agreements The management should sincerely implement the settlements reached with the trade unions. The agreements between the management and the unions should be enforced both in letter and spirit.

If the agreements are not implemented then both the union and management stop trusting each other. An environment of uncertainty is created. To avoid this, efforts should be made at both ends to ensure the follow up of the agreements.

The following points should be noted regarding the personnel policies. The policies should be: Formulated in consultation with the workers and their representatives if they are to be implemented effectively.

Clearly stated so that there is no confusion in the mind of anybody. Implementation of the policies should be uniform throughout the organization to ensure fair treatment to each worker.

The industrial relations system a

The Government should play an active role for promoting industrial peace. It should make law for the compulsory recognition of a representative union in each industrial unit. It should intervene to settle disputes if the management and the workers are unable to settle their disputes.

This will restore industrial harmony. There should be progressive outlook of the management of each industrial enterprise. It should be conscious of its obligations and responsibilities to the owners of the business, the employees, the consumers and the nation.

The management must recognize the rights of workers to organize unions to protect their economic and social interests.The Nature of the Audience In , percent of French people above age 15 read a national daily newspaper every day, against percent for the regional or departmental daily press and 11 percent for the regional daily press and percent for the magazine press.

The Division of Workers' Compensation (DWC) monitors the administration of workers' compensation claims, and provides administrative and judicial services to assist in resolving disputes that arise in connection with claims for workers' compensation benefits.

Laws and Regulations. DIR implements laws passed by the California Legislature and signed by the Governor and regulations adopted in a rulemaking process.

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The existence of a strong and recognized trade union is a prerequisite to industrial peace. Decisions taken through the process of collective bargaining and negotiations between employer and .

A sound industrial relations system is one in which relationships between management and employees (and their representatives) on the one hand, and between them and the State on the other, are.

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