Early history[ edit ] Although no known physical evidence remains in the Crown Heights vicinity, large portions of what is now called Long Island including present-day Brooklyn were occupied by the Lenapelater renamed Delaware Indians by the European colonizers.
This can lead to a text-based editing page where participants can structure and format wiki pages with a simplified markup language, sometimes known as Wikitext, Wiki markup or Wikicode it can also lead to a WYSIWYG editing page; see the paragraph after the table below.
For example, starting lines of text with asterisks could create a bulleted list. The style and syntax of wikitexts can vary greatly among wiki implementations,[ example needed ] some of which also allow HTML tags.
Wikis have favoured plain-text editing, with fewer and simpler conventions than HTML, for indicating style and structure. MediaWiki syntax the "behind the scenes" code used to add formatting to text Equivalent HTML another type of "behind the scenes" code used to add formatting to text Rendered output seen onscreen by a regular web user "Take some more [[tea]]," the March Hare said to Alice, very earnestly.
In those implementations, the markup of a newly edited, marked-up version of the page is generated and submitted to the server transparentlyshielding the user from this technical detail. An example of this is the VisualEditor on Wikipedia.
Hence, many of these sites offer some means to edit the wikitext directly. Some wikis keep a record of changes made to wiki pages; often, every version of the page is stored. This means that authors can revert to an older version of the page should it be necessary because a mistake has been made, such as the content accidentally being deleted or the page has been vandalized to include offensive or malicious text or other inappropriate content.
Many wiki implementations, such as MediaWikiallow users to supply an edit summary when they edit a page. This is a short piece of text summarizing the changes they have made e. This enables other users to see which changes have been made by whom and why, often in a list of summaries, dates and other short, relevant content, a list which is called a "log" or "history.
Users can also create any number of index or table-of-contents pages, with hierarchical categorization or whatever form of organization they like.
These may be challenging to maintain "by hand", as multiple authors and users may create and delete pages in an ad hocunorganized manner.
Wikis can provide one or more ways to categorize or tag pages to support the maintenance of such index pages.
Some wikis, including the original, have a backlink feature, which displays all pages that link to a given page. It is also typically possible in a wiki to create links to pages that do not yet exist, as a way to invite others to share what they know about a subject new to the wiki.
Wiki users can typically "tag" pages with categories or keywords, to make it easier for other users to find the article. For example, a user creating a new article on cold weather cycling might "tag" this page under the categories of commuting, winter sports and bicycling.
This would make it easier for other users to find the article. Linking and creating pages Links are created using a specific syntax, the so-called "link pattern". Originally, most wikis[ citation needed ] used CamelCase to name pages and create links.
These are produced by capitalizing words in a phrase and removing the spaces between them the word "CamelCase" is itself an example.
While CamelCase makes linking easy, it also leads to links in a form that deviates from the standard spelling. To link to a page with a single-word title, one must abnormally capitalize one of the letters in the word e. CamelCase-based wikis are instantly recognizable because they have many links with names such as "TableOfContents" and "BeginnerQuestions.
However, this reprocessing of the link to improve the readability of the anchor is limited by the loss of capitalization information caused by CamelCase reversal.
For example, "RichardWagner" should be rendered as "Richard Wagner", whereas "PopularMusic" should be rendered as "popular music". There is no easy way to determine which capital letters should remain capitalized.
As a result, many wikis now have "free linking" using brackets, and some disable CamelCase by default.Psst! The site isn't done yet, help us make it better. Welcome to the Challenge To Win Wiki This wiki is about Challenge To Win, an lovely object show, that show it's about winning challenges and contests until somebody is the only one left.
Challenges (with benefits) As we examine some of the challenges that teachers face when using a wiki for instructional purposes with students, the following three challenges will be discussed, along with the benefits that also accompany them. Waking up friends doesn't work anymore.
I'm not sure what you mean by 'community life' challenge -- are you trying to collect friends business cards? Featured.
Waking up friends doesn't work anymore. I'm not sure what you mean by 'community life' challenge -- are you trying to collect friends business cards? Go beyond simple task management with content collaboration, social software, and management reporting. The Semantic Web is an extension of the World Wide Web through standards by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The standards promote common data formats and exchange protocols on the Web, most fundamentally the Resource Description Framework (RDF). According to the W3C, "The Semantic Web provides a common framework that allows data to be shared and reused across application, .
McKinsey Global Institute Our mission is to help leaders in multiple sectors develop a deeper understanding of the global economy. For large public libraries, the development of digital technologies poses challenges that have yet to be fully explored.
While library sector rhetoric rightly imagines that digital technologies bring change to all aspects of library operations, it is not enough to focus on the technologies.
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If you are on a medical article, that means that it was co-authored by an actual doctor, nurse or other medical professional from our medical review board.