Supply Chain Linkages Manufacturing supply chains involve all of the steps from raw materials to finished goods. A supply chain can involve many different companies, such as raw material processors, component manufacturers, assemblers, distributers, and retailers. An integrated supply chain is one where the different entities work together to increase responsiveness and synchronize efforts.
Supply Chain Linkages Manufacturing supply chains involve all of the steps from raw materials to finished goods. A supply chain can involve many different companies, such as raw material processors, component manufacturers, assemblers, distributers, and retailers.
An integrated supply chain is one where the different entities work together to increase responsiveness and synchronize Supply chain linkages. This necessitates a continual flow of information from customers to suppliers, causing the supply chain to take on some Services properties.
Manufacturing supply chains include the firms that participate in the process of converting raw materials to finished goods and getting those finished goods to the end customer. A supply chain can involve raw material processors, component manufacturers, assemblers, distributers, and retailers.
Service processes often occur at the interfaces between the various firms. An integrated supply chain is one where the different firms work together to increase responsiveness and synchronize efforts. This necessitates a continual flow of information from customers to suppliers, causing the supply chain to take on more Services properties.
In a pure Service setting, customers and suppliers have multiple roles in the supply chain. Why it occurs This principle occurs because of the coordinating efforts that occur between stages of a supply chain.
Customer information can be a form of process input. When suppliers use customer information to guide their production processes, those processes assume service properties to some degree. Very often, a manufacturer's suppliers have suppliers, and the customers have their own customers.
The other thing that flows upstream is money. For example, a product manufacturing and distribution supply chain may include stages such as the following: A furniture retailer may sell desks to end consumers. The desks may be supplied by a furniture distributer, who receives desks from a desk assembly plant.
The metal parts of a desk may be provided by a steel fabrication company, who gets sheet metal material from a steel mill. In this example, note that the assembler wants to meet the needs of the distributer, who is trying to satisfy retailers, who serve end consumers.
The assembler is reliant on parts suppliers, who are reliant on material suppliers, who count on their suppliers. This is like a chain, where each link is important. If a material supplier fails to perform, ultimately the end consumer is likely to suffer. An example of this supply chain linkage was seen a few years ago when an Asian factory that made resin was destroyed by a fire.
That resin was an important material in the production of integrated circuits such as computer memory chips. The memory chips went into new computer systems that were being assembled by various companies.
Memory chip prices skyrocketed, which had a dramatic effect on prices down the supply chain. Ultimately, consumers suffered the consequences of higher computer prices.
In this section we will consider three types of supply chains. The first two are manufacturing situations, such as that just described.
The third is a service situation. Traditional Manufacturing Supply Chains Traditional supply chain management is only concerned with the flows from and to our immediate suppliers and customers. Our firm provides requirements to i.
We receive the filled order from our suppliers. Our customers provide product requirements, which hopefully can be met by our output. Service processes are often found in traditional supply chains at the interfaces between suppliers and their customers.
The following are some common examples: The responsibility for interfacing with suppliers typically falls under a purchasing department or functional area. Suppliers may hire logistics companies to transport goods and materials to customers.
Logistics companies receive the input goods or materials from their customers and transport them to their customers' customers. This reliance on customer-inputs classifies logistics companies a part of the service sector.
In fact, logistics companies are a very large part, estimated at about ten percent of GNP in the United States.Supply Chain Words | 8 Pages.
sell and deliver goods and services to a first tier supplier. An automobile company could have a second tier supplier that would supply materials or parts to another company which would then supply materials or parts to another company which would then supply them to the manufacturer.
This paper borrows and applies the Resource‐Based View of the Firm, a theoretical perspective prevalent in the strategic management literature, to develop a conceptual framework to describe, explain, and predict the advantages of a firm's linkages with entities in its supply chain on its internal operations.
title = "Supply-chain linkages and operational performance: A resource-based-view perspective", abstract = "In order to improve performance at the operational level, more and more firms are developing explicit linkages with suppliers and with customers.
A critical issue in most gold producing economies in Africa is the existence of poverty in the midst of abundant gold. Linking the mining company’s supply chain demands and the community business activity could help the members take advantage of some of these activities. This calls for strengthening local linkages between the mining industry and .
Supply Chain Linkages: Power, Benefits, and Risk Reduction Pamela J. Zelbst Sam Houston State University Box Huntsville, TX Supply chain consists of various linkages: upstream linkages also known as sources of supply, internal linkages inside the organizations involved in supply chains and downstream linkages which include distribution and ultimate customers (Hugo, Badenhorst-Weiss & van Rooyen, ).