Why study mental health nursing? Working in different community and hospital settings, mental health nurses provide specialist healthcare and support to people of all ages with a range of mental health issues. It's a challenging but rewarding career. You'll develop therapeutic relationships with those who need help, working closely with their families and other health and social care professionals to improve people's wellbeing and quality of life.
History of psychiatric institutions The York Retreat c. Modern psychiatric hospitals evolved from, and eventually replaced the older lunatic asylums.
The development of the modern psychiatric hospital is also the story of the rise of organized, institutional psychiatry. Hospitals known as bimaristans Essays on mental health act built throughout Arab countries beginning around the early 9th century, with the first in Baghdad under the leadership of the Abbasid Caliph Harun al-Rashid.
While not devoted solely to patients with psychiatric disorders, they often contained wards for patients exhibiting mania or other psychological distress.
They advocated the viewing of mental illness as a disorder that required compassionate treatment that would aid in the rehabilitation of the victim. The arrival in the Western world of institutionalisation as a solution to the problem of madness was very much an event of the nineteenth century.
The first public mental asylums were established in Britain; the passing of the County Asylums Act empowered magistrates to build rate-supported asylums in every county to house the many 'pauper lunatics'.
Nine counties first applied, the first public asylum opening in in Nottinghamshire. Inthe newly appointed Commissioners in Lunacy were empowered to license and supervise private asylums. The Lunacy Act made the construction of asylums in every country compulsory with regular inspections on behalf of the Home Secretary.
The Act required asylums to have written regulations and to have a resident physician. This growth coincided with the growth of alienismlater known as psychiatry, as a medical specialism. Asylums was a key text in the development of deinstitutionalization. Involuntary treatments are among the many psychiatric practices which are questioned by the mental patient liberation movement.
Most psychiatric hospitals now restrict internet access and any device that can take photos. Patients may also apply for release at any time and receive a full hearing on the application. Crisis stabilization[ edit ] Vienna 's Narrenturm — German for "fools' tower"—was one of the earliest buildings specifically designed for mentally ill people.
Human Rights Law - Mental Health Act Essays - Use Our Free Law Essays To Help You With Your Law Course. Human Rights Law - Mental Health Act Essays - Use Our Free Law Essays To Help You With Your Law Course This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. Common Law - Free Law Essay. The Mental Health Act (Mha) Essay example - Introduction Occupational therapy is a form of therapy for those recuperating from physical or mental illness that encourages rehabilitation through the performance of activities required of daily life (O’Brien & Hussey, ; . Bandy X. Lee, M.D., attheheels.com, is Assistant Clinical Professor in Law and Psychiatry at Yale School of Medicine. She earned her degrees at Yale, interned at Bellevue, was Chief Resident at Mass General, and was a Research Fellow at Harvard Medical School.
It was built in Emergency psychiatry The crisis stabilization unit is in effect an emergency department for psychiatry, frequently dealing with suicidal, violent, or otherwise critical individuals.
Open units[ edit ] Open units are psychiatric units that are not as secure as crisis stabilization units.
They are not used for acutely suicidal persons; the focus in these units is to make life as normal as possible for patients while continuing treatment to the point where they can be discharged. However, patients are usually still not allowed to hold their own medications in their rooms, because of the risk of an impulsive overdose.
While some open units are physically unlocked, other open units still use locked entrances and exits depending on the type of patients admitted. Medium term[ edit ] Another type of psychiatric hospital is medium term, which provides care lasting several weeks. Most drugs used for psychiatric purposes take several weeks to take effect, and the main purpose of these hospitals is to monitor the patient for the first few weeks of therapy to ensure the treatment is effective.
Juvenile wards[ edit ] Juvenile wards are sections of psychiatric hospitals or psychiatric wards set aside for children or adolescents with mental illness.
However, there are a number of institutions specializing only in the treatment of juveniles, particularly when dealing with drug abuse, self-harm, eating disorders, anxiety, depression or other mental illness.
Long-term care facilities[ edit ] In the UK long-term care facilities are now being replaced with smaller secure units some within the hospitals listed above. Modern buildings, modern security and being locally sited to help with reintegration into society once medication has stabilized the condition   are often features of such units.
However these modern units have the goal of treatment and rehabilitation back into society within a short time-frame two or three years and not all patients' treatment can meet this criterion, so the large hospitals mentioned above often retain this role.
These hospitals provide stabilization and rehabilitation for those who are having difficulties such as depression, eating disorders, other mental disorders, and so on.
Halfway houses[ edit ] One type of institution for the mentally ill is a community-based halfway house. These facilities provide assisted living  for patients with mental illnesses for an extended period of time, and often aid in the transition to self-sufficiency.
These institutions are considered to be one of the most important parts of a mental health system by many psychiatristsalthough some localities lack sufficient funding. Political imprisonment[ edit ] In some countries the mental institution may be used in certain cases for the incarceration of political prisoners, as a form of punishment.
A notable historical example was the use of punitive psychiatry in the Soviet Union  and China. Secure psychiatric units exist in all regions of the UK for this purpose; in addition, there are a small number of Specialist Hospitals which offer care and treatment within conditions of high security.
These facilities are run by the National Health Servicewhich undertake psychiatric assessments and can also provide treatment and accommodation in a safe, hospital environment where patients can be prevented from absconding and there is a reduction in their risk of harm to others and themselves.
These secure hospital facilities are divided into three main categories and are referred to as High, Medium and Low Secure. Although it is a phrase often used by newspapers, there is no such classification as "Maximum Secure". Low Secure units are often incorrectly referred to as "Local Secure" as patients are detained there frequently by local criminal courts for psychiatric assessment before sentencing.
Community hospital utilization[ edit ] Community hospitals across the United States regularly see mental health discharges. A study of community hospital discharge data from showed that mental health hospitalizations were increasing for both children patients aged 0—17 years and adults patients aged 18—Mental Health Act Essay example.
Introduction: The right to mental health is a fundamental human right.
The World Health Organization reflected this right as the utmost achievable standard of health in its constitution of A mental health history including asylum and community care periods, with links to Andrew Roberts' book on the Lunacy Commission and other mental health writings, and the asylums index and word attheheels.comd on England and Wales, it reaches out to the rest of the world with links to the general timeline of science and society, America timeline, crime timeline, and the (embryo) sunrise.
The Mental Health Act is the law in most of the united kingdom that allows people with a ‘mental disorder’ to be admitted to hospital, detained and treated without their consent if it is truly needed, and if for their own health and safety or for the protection of other people.
How Our Helpline Works. For those seeking addiction treatment for themselves or a loved one, the attheheels.com helpline is a private and convenient solution.
A new study released just prior to the ABA Midyear Meeting in San Diego rejects the prevailing wisdom about substance abuse and mental health problems in the U.S.
legal profession on two key. People with mental health disorders have the same rights to consent as those with physical illnesses unless some mental health issue means they are unable to make a decision (Mind).
A small number of people with mental health problems may need to be detained under the Mental Health Act ().