However, emotional problems often arise because of it. The latter usually cover a variety of reading skills and deficits, and difficulties with distinct causes rather than a single condition. Some sources, such as the U.
Alphabetical list of currently known Human Neurological Conditions including short definitions for each disorder.
Neurological Disorders Main Document A neurological disorder is defined as any disorder of the body nervous system. Structural, biochemical or electrical abnormalities in the brain, spinal cord or other nerves can result in a range of symptoms. Examples of symptoms include paralysis, muscle weakness, poor coordination, loss of sensation, seizures, confusion, pain and altered levels of consciousness.
The specific causes of neurological problems vary, but can include genetic disorders, congenital abnormalities or disorders, infections, lifestyle or environmental health problems including malnutrition, and brain injury, spinal cord injury or nerve injury.
There are many recognized neurological disorders, some relatively common, but many rare. They may be assessed by neurological examination, and studied and treated within the specialties of neurology and clinical neuropsychology.
Mental disorders, on the other hand, are "psychiatric illnesses" or diseases which appear primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling or behavior, producing either distress or impairment of function.
Neurological disorders affect the brain as well as the nerves found throughout the human body and the spinal cord. These three parts of the body work together and are referred to as the central nervous system that control everything in the body.
Neurology is the medical science that deals with the nervous system and disorders that affect it. Conditions that are classed as mental disorders, or learning disabilities and forms of Intellectual disability, are not themselves usually dealt with as neurological disorders.
Neurological disorders can be categorized according to the primary location affected, the primary type of dysfunction involved, or the primary type of cause. The broadest division is between central nervous system disorders and peripheral nervous system disorders.
Neurological disorders can affect an entire neurological pathway or a single neuron. Even a small disturbance to a neuron's structural pathway can result in dysfunction. According to the University of California, San Francisco, there are more than neurological disorders that strike millions each year.
These diseases and disorders inflict great pain and suffering on millions of patients and their families, and cost the U. Social Security approves disability benefits for serious cases of epilepsy, cerebral palsy, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, ALS, and other nerve-based diseases.
For definitions of the parts that make up the brain see our glossary and Definitions of Human Brain Components For some interesting information on the human brain visit our reference page Human Brain Facts for answers, and facts pertaining to the brain. Alphabetical glossary and definitions of medical terms and health conditions.
Children who are born without this membrane and also have other abnormalities, pituitary deficiencies and abnormal development of the optic disk have a disorder known as septo-optic dysplasia.
Acid Lipase Disease - is a name used to describe two related disorders of fatty acid metabolism. Acid lipase disease occurs when the enzyme needed to break down certain fats that are normally digested by the body is lacking or missing, resulting in the toxic buildup of these fats in the body's cells and tissues.
These fatty substances, called lipids, include waxes, oils, and cholesterol. Acid Maltase Deficiency - Glycogen storage disease type II also called Pompe disease or acid maltase deficiency is a rare genetic disorder caused by a deficiency in the enzyme acid alpha-glucosidase GAA EC 3.
Acquired Epileptiform Aphasia - Landau-Kleffner syndrome LKS is a rare, childhood neurological disorder characterized by the sudden or gradual development of aphasia the inability to understand or express language and an abnormal electro-encephalogram EEG.
LKS affects the parts of the brain that control comprehension and speech. The disorder usually occurs in children between the ages of 5 and 7 years.
Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis - is an immune mediated disease of brain. It usually occurs following a viral infection or vaccination, but it may also appear spontaneously.
It is similar in some ways to multiple sclerosis, and is considered part of the Multiple sclerosis borderline. Adie's Pupil - is a neurological condition of unknown origin with an unusual, asymmetric presentation known as anisocoria, an inequality in the size of the pupils of the eyes.
It is believed to be a result of damage to the nerve innervating a muscle of the eye known as the ciliary body. Alternately, the problem may be located at the ciliary ganglion, a kind of nerve junction structure from which the nerve to the ciliary body runs. Adie's Syndrome - also Adie's syndrome, Adie's Tonic Pupil or Holmes-Adie's syndrome, is caused by damage to the postganglionic fibers of the parasympathetic innervation of the eye and characterized by a tonically dilated pupil.
The pupil is characteristically poorly reactive to light but slowly reactive to accommodation. Adrenoleukodystrophy - is one of a group of genetic disorders called the leukodystrophies that cause damage to the myelin sheath, an insulating membrane that surrounds nerve cells in the brain.
People with ALD accumulate high levels of saturated, very long chain fatty acids VLCFA in the brain and adrenal cortex because they do not produce the enzyme that breaks down these fatty acids in the normal manner.
The loss of myelin and the progressive dysfunction of the adrenal gland are the primary characteristics of ALD. Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum - ACC is a rare birth defect congenital disorder in which there is a complete or partial absence of the corpus callosum.
Agenesis of the corpus callosum occurs when the corpus callosum, the band of tissue connecting the two hemispheres of the brain, does not develop typically in utero. In addition to agenesis of the corpus callosum, other callosal disorders include hypogenesis partial formationdysgenesis malformation of the corpus callosum, and hypoplasia underdevelopment of the corpus callosum.
Agnosia - is a loss of ability to recognize objects, persons, sounds, shapes, or smells while the specific sense is not defective nor is there any significant memory loss.Low vision writing aids, pens, paper, pens, envelope, signature, letter guides and more.
Browse our low vision products store today, which contains products for the blind and visually impaired. MaxiAids carries a wide selection of low vision aids, including phones for the blind with a talking caller ID, magnifying mirrors, talking clocks for the blind, a talking watch for the blind and much more.
Blind / Visual impairment This section introduces visual impairment and explores how being blind or visually impaired may impact a student's academic performance and participation in university life.
Here, the main focus is to suggest ways in which you as a staff member can support students who are blind or visually impaired. Writing Strategies for Students with Visual Impairments: Provincial Resource Centre for the Visually Impaired (PRCVI) provides BC students with some adapted paper Availability as a backup for electronic devices and for writing math and science notation.
The most common manual brailler is . 2. Help employing disabled people Reasonable adjustments. You must make reasonable adjustments to support disabled job applicants and employees. This means ensuring disabled people can. Provide visually impaired students with classroom aids to assist in the learning process.
Write with dark colors on the dry erase board, using large print letters. If possible, provide students with a printed copy of the class notes, either in large, bold print ( pt.) or tape record them so .