In Palestine, the conflict began at the end of the nineteenth century, more than fifty years before the state of Israel was established in
Click to view or download a PDF of the Primer. The conflict between Palestinian Arabs and Zionist now Israeli Jews is a modern phenomenon, dating to the end of the nineteenth century. Although the two groups have different religions Palestinians include Muslims, Christians and Druzereligious differences are not the cause of the strife.
The conflict began as a struggle over land. From the end of World War I untilthe area that both groups claimed was known internationally as Palestine.
Following the war of —, this land was divided into three parts: It is a small area—approximately 10, square miles, or about the size of the state of Maryland. The competing claims to the territory are not reconcilable if one group exercises exclusive political control over all of it.
Palestinian Arab claims to the land are based on their continuous residence in the country for hundreds of years and the fact that they represented the demographic majority until They reject the notion that a biblical-era kingdom constitutes the basis for a valid modern claim.
The Land and the People In the nineteenth century, following a trend that emerged earlier in Europe, people around the world began to identify themselves as nations and to demand national rights, foremost the right to self-rule in a state of their own self-determination and sovereignty.
Jews and Palestinians both started to develop a national consciousness and mobilized to achieve national goals. Because Jews were spread across the world in diasporathe Jewish national movement, or Zionist trend, sought to identify a place where Jews could come together through the process of immigration and settlement.
Palestine seemed the logical and optimal place because it was the site of Jewish origin. The Zionist movement began in with the first wave of European Jewish immigration to Palestine. At that time, the land of Palestine was part of the Ottoman Empire.
This area did not constitute a single political unit, however. The northern districts of Acre and Nablus were part of the province of Beirut. The district of Jerusalem was under the direct authority of the Ottoman capital of Istanbul because of the international significance of the cities of Jerusalem and Bethlehem as religious centers for Muslims, Christians and Jews.
According to Ottoman records, in there weresubject inhabitants of the Jerusalem, Nablus and Acre districts: In addition, there were perhaps 10, Jews with foreign citizenship recent immigrants to the country and several thousand Muslim Arab nomads Bedouin who were not counted as Ottoman subjects.
The great majority of the Arabs Muslims and Christians lived in several hundred rural villages. Jaffa and Nablus were the largest and economically most important towns with majority-Arab populations.
Until the beginning of the twentieth century, most Jews living in Palestine were concentrated in four cities with religious significance: Jerusalem, Hebron, Safed and Tiberias.
Most of them observed traditional, orthodox religious practices. Many spent their time studying religious texts and depended on the charity of world Jewry for survival. Their attachment to the land was religious rather than national, and they were not involved in—or supportive of—the Zionist movement that began in Europe and was brought to Palestine by immigrants.
Most of the Jews who emigrated from Europe lived a more secular lifestyle and were committed to the goals of creating a modern Jewish nation and building an independent Jewish state.The human drama behind the Middle East War. At the end of , Israel's Arab neighbours had invaded to try to destroy the new state, and failed.
The border wars stoked the tension. Mar 03, · 3 modern world history questions, 10 points please help? What lasting effect has the Arab-Israeli War had on the Middle East? (Points: 3) Islamists and secularists continue to fight for control of attheheels.com: Resolved.
Six-Day War, also called June War or Third Arab-Israeli War, brief war that took place June 5–10, , and was the third of the Arab-Israeli wars.
Israel ’s decisive victory included the capture of the Sinai Peninsula, Gaza Strip, West Bank, Old City of Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights ; the status of these territories subsequently . The role the USSR played in the June war, between the State of Israel and the surrounding Arab countries, remains fiercely debated.
Some scholars have argued that Moscow started the war in order to further its position in the area and increase Arab reliance on Soviet Aid. During –, the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, was ruled by Jordan, which annexed the area in and extended citizenship to Palestinians living there.
In the same period, the Gaza Strip was under Egyptian military administration. In the war, Israel captured and occupied these areas. The origins of the Six-Day War, which was fought between June 5 and June 10, by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt (known then as the United Arab Republic, UAR), Jordan, and Syria, include both longstanding and immediate issues.